Getting smacked with a plagiarism accusation is not good for your academic or professional career.
This is true regardless of the channel, medium or publication you’re referencing. If you’re using someone else’s original work to support yours, you have to give them credit for it. Yes, this is even true of video-sharing site YouTube.
But how do you cite a YouTube video? It’s not a newspaper, magazine, or encyclopedia.
With new inventions come new rules and standards to keep us honest. When someone puts the work into creating a YouTube channel, they deserve credit for their videos.
If you’re interested in using a YouTube video in your professional or academic research, use the following guide to ensure you cite the source properly.
How to cite a YouTube video in MLA format
Compiler/poster’s username. “Video Title.” Online video clip. Website Name. Name of Website’s publisher, date posted. Web. Date accessed.
How to cite a YouTube video
The specific format you use to cite anything will rely on your boss or professor’s standards. Be sure to check your rubric, prompt, or other identifying information to see if you’re expected to use MLA, APA, or Chicago-style citations.
Regardless of the specific style you use, you should know a few details right off the bat. Information that will be pertinent to your YouTube citation includes:
- YouTuber’s name or username
- Name of the video
- Date the video was posted
- Video URL
- Video length
The image below will demonstrate where you can find all of this information
For our example, we’ll use a clip from a show I enjoy watching: Adam Ruins Everything. In this show, main character Adam Conover debunks many beliefs or concepts commonly accepted at face value. I say this so you understand why I might wish to cite it in a research paper or work proposal.
At the top, we see the video’s URL. On the progress bar, we can see the video is 1:54 and I’ve paused at 21 seconds in.
“Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies I truTV” is the title of this video. Although Adam Conover is the host, TruTV is the channel on which this video is published, and that’s what you’ll use as the YouTuber’s name or username.
Underneath the publisher’s name is the date the video was uploaded to YouTube: Dec 1, 2018.
|How to Cite a Youtube Video - Table of Contents|
|1. MLA Format|
|2. APA Style Format|
|3. Chicago Style Format|
Let’s talk about how to cite a YouTube video in MLA format. An MLA citation is essentially a paragraph with a hanging indent in Word. The order in which you list information helps the reader understand what it means.
1. List the name or username
For a YouTube video, you will begin by listing the channel name of the publisher or compiler and following it with a period.
Continuing with our sample video, we’d begin our MLA citation with:
For some channels, this will be a person’s name. For others, this will be the name of a brand or publication.
2. Name the video
Next, include the name of the video in quotation marks. This will always be what is listed on the video.
truTV. “Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV.”
3. List format as “online video clip”
This step is exactly as it sounds: you have to include copy to indicate you are citing an online video clip.
truTV. “Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV.” Online video clip.
4. Give credit to YouTube
Now you need to tell the reader where you found the clip from by specifying it came from YouTube. Do so in italics, and follow with a comma.
truTV. ““Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV.” Online video clip. YouTube,
5. Provide the date
In this step, you’ll include the date the video was posted. Date should be written in the format day-month-year.
truTV. ““Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV.” Online video clip. YouTube, 1 December 2018.
6. Indicate “web”
Just as you’d indicate “print” on another citation, you need to indicate “web” on a YouTube citation.
truTV. ““Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV.” Online video clip. YouTube, 1 December 2018. Web.
7. Record date of retrieval
After this, your final step is to record the date you made use of this video. This is usually a pre-emptive tactic. If you use a research paper one month and then that author changes their findings six months later, you’re not in trouble for your data being outdated or considered false.
Again, the date should be formatted as day-month-year.
truTV. “Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV.” Online video clip. YouTube, 1 December 2018. Web. 4 December 2018.
Having a date of retrieval also covers you if the creator deletes the YouTube video (how to delete a YouTube video), or changes privacy settings to be unlisted (what does unlisted mean on YouTube?), or changes their YouTube name (how to change your YouTube name).
There you have it, that’s what an MLA style YouTube video citation should look like after all is said and done.
Let’s talk about citing a YouTube video in APA format. Again, we will use the same video as our example.
1. Name the creator or publisher
Begin by identifying the YouTube publisher or creator’s name. Follow it with a period.
2. List the date posted
After the name, identify the date this video was posted. The format should be year-month-day, and the date should be in parenthesis followed by a period.
truTV. (2018, December 1).
3. List video name
Next, you’ll identify the name of the video. Be sure to only capitalize the first letter of the first word, as well as proper nouns.
truTV. (2018, December 1.) Adam ruins everything - A big bed of lies | truTV
If there is a colon, the first letter of the first word after the colon would be capitalized. This title does not go in quotation marks.
4. Label it a video file
Citations require you indicate the type of file you’re citing. Because this is a video, you’ll indicate within brackets that it is a video file. Be sure to follow the final bracket with a period.
truTV. (2018, December 1.) Adam ruins everything - A big bed of lies | truTV [Video file].
5. Copy and paste video URL
This is where the URL comes into play. Because the content is digital, you want readers to easily be able to access the file. Write “retrieved by” or “retrieved from” and then include the URL. There isa period after the URL.
truTV. (2018, December 1.) Adam ruins everything - A big bed of lies | truTV [Video file]. Retrieved by https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q8pFqdn1r5s&t=21s
That is the end of the process for citing a YouTube video in APA format!
Lastly, let’s dive into how you can cite a YouTube video using Chicago style formatting. We will, again, use the example above.
1. Start with the video’s name
In Chicago style citations, the video’s name comes first. It should be in quotation marks with title case and followed by a comma
“Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV,”
2. Credit it to YouTube
Next, label the video as content derived from YouTube. Simply label it “YouTube video,” followed by a comma.
“Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV,” YouTube video,
3. Label video length
Here, you’ll tell audiences how long the video is. Do this in the format of Hours:Minutes:Seconds and follow it with a comma.
“Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV,” YouTube video, 1:54,
4. Credit the publisher or channel
This is where you tell readers who published the video. If it’s an individual, you’d put their name. If it’s a brand, you put the brand name. Be sure to put this in quotation marks.
Follow the style formatting that the channel uses. What I mean here is if the brand/publisher is called “xPECTATION$,” spell it that way in your citation.
Follow the publisher’s name with a comma inside the quotation marks.
“Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV,” YouTube video, 1:54, “truTV,”
5. Write the publish date
Now it’s time to include the date the video was published. You’ll do so in a month-day-year format. Again, you’ll follow this information with a comma.
“Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV,” YouTube video, 1:54, “truTV,” December 1, 2018,
6. Include the video link
Lastly, you will include the video’s URL. Follow the URL with a period, indicating this citation is complete.
“Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV,” YouTube video, 1:54, “truTV,” December 1, 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q8pFqdn1r5s&t=21s.
A note about citing YouTube videos in Chicago style:
This style of citation works for footnotes and endnotes in Chicago style. If you’re looking to create a bibliography, you’ll replace the commas after the video’s title, time and date published with periods.
For example, that would look like this:
“Adam Ruins Everything - A Big Bed of Lies | truTV.” YouTube video, 1:54. “truTV,” December 1, 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q8pFqdn1r5s&t=21s.
And there you have it, folks! Now you can rest easy knowing your sources have been properly attributed in your professional or academic projects.
For more ways to make your YouTube research easier, read the following: